What is the construction of synchronous motor?

How synchronous motor works What are the principle and construction of synchronous motor?

Working of synchronous motors depends on the interaction of the magnetic field of the stator with the magnetic field of the rotor. DC supply is given to the rotor. … The rotor enters into the rotating Magnetic-Field produced by the stator winding and rotates in synchronization.

How may the rotor of a synchronous motor be constructed?

The rotor of the synchronous motor is made with the laminations of the steel. The laminations reduce the eddy current loss that occurs on the winding of the transformer. The salient pole rotor is mostly used for designing the medium and low-speed motor.

What is synchronous motor and its application?

Synchronous motors are normally used in applications in which a constant and precise speed is required. Typical applications of these low power motors are positioning machines. They are also used in robot actuators. Synchronous motors are also used in ball mills, watches, record players, and turntables.

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What is synchronous motor?

A synchronous motor is one in which the rotor normally rotates at the same speed as the revolving field in the machine. The stator is similar to that of an induction machine consisting of a cylindrical iron frame with windings, usually three-phase, located in slots around the inner periphery.

Why DC supply is used in synchronous motor?

When AC supply is given to the stator winding or static armature winding of the synchronous motor it creates a rotating magnetic field. … If we give DC supply to the field winding or rotor winding of the synchronous motor then the pole created in the rotor will be constant.

What is the construction of induction motor?

The stator frame consists of laminations of silicon steel, usually with a thickness of about 0.5 millimetre. Lamination is necessary since a voltage is induced along the axial length of the steel as well as in the stator conductors.

What are the main parts of synchronous machine?

The principal components of a synchronous motor are the stator and the rotor. The stator of synchronous motor and stator of induction motor are similar in construction. With the wound-rotor synchronous doubly fed electric machine as the exception, the stator frame contains wrapper plate.

What are the main characteristics of a synchronous motor?

Characteristics of Synchronous Motor are constant speed motors. The speed of the motor is decided by the number of poles and frequency. Compared to an induction motor, it is very sensitive to sudden changes of load. This causes a hunting of the rotor and finally leads to stability problems.

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What are the parts of induction motor?

Parts of Induction Motors

  • Stator. The stator is the stationary portion of the motor and delivers a rotating magnetic field to interact with the rotor. …
  • Rotor. The rotor is the central component of the motor, and is fixed to the shaft. …
  • Shaft. The motor shaft is fixed within the rotor, and rotates with it. …
  • Bearings. …
  • Casing.

What is synchronous speed formula?

The synchronous speed of an AC motor is determined by the frequency of the source and the number of poles. The RPM is calculated by multiplying the frequency times 60 and dividing by the number of pairs of poles. … Actual speed of the induction motor will be less than the synchronous speed.

Why damper winding is used in synchronous motor?

The main purpose of using Damper winding in synchronous Machine is to provide starting torque and eliminate damping or hunting. The damper winding is used in Synchronous Motor to provide starting torque and the damper winding is used in the synchronous alternator to eliminate damping or hunting.

What is the speed of synchronous motor?

The synchronous speed is the speed of the revolution of the magnetic field in the stator winding of the motor. It is the speed at which the electromotive force is produced by the alternating machine.

Synchronous Speed.

Number of Poles Synchronous Speed NS in r.p.m
10 600
12 500