Switching the polarity of the input voltage will cause a simple DC motor to run in the reverse direction. Switching the starter winding leads will cause a single phase AC motor to run in reverse. A 3 phase motor will run in reverse by switching one leg of the input power.
Can any electric motor be reversed?
In some instances, you might find a need to reverse the direction of a single-phase AC motor. Fortunately, this is a fairly simple task because most single-phase induction motors go in forward and reverse depending on their wiring and the resulting magnetic field.
Can you wire an electric motor to run backwards?
Reversing an AC Motor
Since each wire consists of a positive and negative current within the magnetic fields, the flip-flopping of main and starter wires causes the motor to run in reverse rotation. This easy switching of wires works because the polarity of the magnetic field is reversed, thus reversing the motor.
How do you make a motor go forward and reverse?
Remove power from the motor. Hook the battery positive wire to the negative terminal and hook the battery negative wire to the positive terminal for a simple DC motor. Install a double pole double throw changeover switch between the battery and the motor. The motor will now have a forward, reverse and an off position.
How do you reverse a 220v motor?
To reverse the direction of single phase induction motor, we need to change the direction of the rotating magnetic field produced by the main and starter windings. And this can be accomplished by reversing the polarity of the starter winding.
How do you change the direction of a universal motor?
The direction of rotation of a universal motor can be changed by either: (i) Reversing the field connection with respect to those of armature; or (ii) By using two field windings wound on the core in opposite directions so that the one connected in series with armature gives clockwise rotation, while the other in …
Are single phase motors reversible?
Once started, a single phase induction motor will happily run in either direction. To reverse it, we need to change the direction of the rotating magnetic field produced by the main and starter windings. And this can be accomplished by reversing the polarity of the starter winding.
How do you reverse a shaded pole motor?
Shaded-pole motors of the asymmetrical type shown are only reversible by disassembly and flipping over the stator, though some similar looking motors have small, switch-shortable auxiliary windings of thin wire instead of thick copper bars and can reverse electrically.